Coffee Plants Now Recognized as Endangered
Climate changes have not spared Coffea Arabica plants that account for the 70% of world's coffee consumption. Scientists say that these plants will no more be found on earth after next 70 years since their habitats have been badly affected by the climatic conditions that are getting worse with every passing day.
A research by the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew unveiled the fact that the crops are largely vulnerable to changes in climate and infections. Right now the producers are getting sufficient stock they require but the things will change to a great extent in the coming years.
Arabica has significant role in coffee production because of its good genetic diversity. Therefore, its sensitivity to environmental changes and constantly deteriorating conditions of climate has given rise to concerns.
Apart from that deforestation in the area where these plants grow is another matter to think upon. Cutting down of the trees is also leading to reduction in number of birds that disperse coffee seeds.
"For the long-term sustainability of Arabica production it is essential that the reserves established in Ethiopia to conserve Arabica genetic resources are appropriately funded and carefully managed", said Tadesse Woldemariam Gole, from the Environment and Coffee Forest Forum in Ethiopia.