Novel Way Discovered to Decode and Read DNA: Scientists
According to a new report, scientists have discovered a new way to read and decode DNA. Scientists are suspecting this research could forever change the ways on how doctors uncover, diagnose and treat various diseases.
Researchers said genetic code is similar for all organisms and is stored in one of the two DNA strands.
This research has been conducted by the scientists from the University of Washington as a part of their Encyclopedia of DNA Elements Project (ENCODE). Researchers said the main aim of this research is to understand the process of storage of biological functions in the human genome.
The research, published in the journal Science, states how genomes use genetic code to write information about proteins and that too in two separate languages. Researchers believe that the second language lies below the first and instruct the cell to control the genes.
Dr. John Stamatoyannopoulosm, lead researcher, said: "For over 40 years we have assumed that DNA changes affecting the genetic code solely impact how proteins are made".
Researchers said this novel research has thrown light on the fact that the DNA is an incredibly powerful information storage device, which has been fully exploited by nature.
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