Scientists find genomic architecture of melon genome

Scientists find genomic architecture of melon genome

A team of scientists have found the genomic architecture of melon genome and were able to prove that highly cultivated and bred linesshow the least diversity.

However, they also found that wild melons showed the wild melons were most diverse. The study presented more than 4.3 million single sequence DNA variants along with a important number of structural variants including deletions, inversions, duplications, and mobile element movements.

Study senior author Dr Josep Maria Casacuberta from the Center for Research in Agricultural Genomics in Barcelona, Spain said, "This study reveals the high plasticity of the melon genome, and paves the way for future analyses to address melon breeding goals, such as increasing the quality of the fruit, or resistance against pests and diseases."

Dr Casacuberta also said that study will help in efforts to breed new plant varieties and allow researchers to respond to the challenges in agriculture like increasing population and scarcity of water and other researchers. Dr Casacuberta along with co-authors found 902 genes that were affected by DNA structural variations and out of which, 53 genes putatively involved in disease resistance.

The study was published online in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution.

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