President Macron’s Parliament Will Change France’s Political Landscape
After the unequivocal majority win of France’s new party, Le Republique en Marche! (Republic on the Move!), President Macron is in a position to reorganize his Cabinet to empower the quick government passage of new laws to strengthen security, restructure restrictive labor laws, and raise the level of political ethics.
A traditional, symbolic gesture following legislative elections is the requirement for the current government to resign, allowing for the appointment of a new government. Government spokesperson, Christophe Castaner, stated that the reorganization is a technical requirement and is not expected to be far-reaching.
The major changes in the political landscape come from the altering composition of the parliament’s new members. As reported in the AP News on June 19, 2017, https://apnews.com/cfa31fdaf0c143288ffce21857a89662/France%27s-Macron-to..., the majority of the incoming Republic on the Move! Parliament members have never held public office. The new level of female lawmakers in the lower house of parliament is now 38.7 percent, an increased 12 percent from the outgoing Assembly. The new average age of all lawmakers is now 49 years of age, as opposed to the former average of 55 years of age.
Macron’s party holds 350 of the 577 National Assembly seats. The closest opposition contingency in the parliament is the conservative Republicans, with aligned allies, who now hold 136 seats. The former dominate group, the Socialist Party, now only holds 30 seats. Jean-Luc Melenchon’s far-left party holds 17 seats, Marine Le Pen’s far-right party holds 8 seats, and the remaining 36 seats are held by a variety of smaller parties.
Le Pen lauded the election’s historic results, but she also stated that the voting system is anti-democratic and does not adequately represent the full support for her party throughout the country. Other critics concur with Le Pen’s statement and believe that the current voting system, a two round procedure, tends to favor the mainstream parties.
The first National Assembly session for all of the 577 victorious parliament members begins next week. A special session of parliament is scheduled to begin on June 27th, and it is anticipated that the new government will pass its first group of new measures targeted to fulfill Macron’s campaign promises.
Gerard Collomb, the Interior Minister, stated that several main goals of the new government are to lessen the future number of lawmakers and restructure the voting system to provide smaller parties with a partial proportional representation within the National Assembly.
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