River Basins Realizing Loss in Fresh Water; Risk of Water Shortage in Future Rises
A study, published in the journal Water Resources Research on Friday, has collected data about fresh-water sources in the region over the period of a number of years. Images have been captured by satellite, which have concerned scientists since these hint that a water shortage could be faced by the region.
Twin Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satellites of NASA were used to capture the images. These have shown that the river basins in Tigris and Euphrates in the Middle East have faced an alarming-level loss in their water volume.
It has been told that currently, the two have the second fastest groundwater storage loss rate on Earth. The study was conducted by a coalition of scientists at the University of California, Irvine; NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt and the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado.
Principal investigator Jay Famiglietti and colleagues have found that the depletion in fresh water has been growing for past seven years. Based on estimations, some 117 million acre feet of fresh water has been lost by the river basins since then.
According to Famiglietti, "The rate was striking after the 2007 drought. Meanwhile, demand for freshwater continues to rise, the region does not coordinate its water management because of different interpretations of international laws".
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